Cogent Physics and Cogent Geoscience welcome submissions to a special collection on: Recent advances in geo-mineral physics.
This collection is seeking to communicate the recent advances in geo-mineral physics and to provide a better understanding of the different types of materials that compose the interior of planets – particularly the Earth.
Information from novel and/or more refined Mineral Physics models allows the interpretation of seismic waves behavior (such as anisotropy and attenuation), geomagnetic field anomalies, mantle convection and the geodynamo (in terms of material properties under the extreme conditions of the planet interior). Laboratory experiments use small samples under high-pressure and high-temperature regimes to study the properties of materials at a given depth. The most common tools are the Diamond Anvil Cell (DAC) and the Multi-Anvil Press (MAP), which have so far demonstrated the ability to approach the extreme pressure conditions of the Earth's center. Using resistive heating or laser heating, mineral physics properties can be directly measured at the conditions of the planet interior by following how the density varies with pressure and temperature. Thus, the equations of states, hardness, stiffness tensor, and seismic velocities can be computed for a given sample and directly compared to reference seismic Earth models such as PREM, Ak135 and IASPEI. There are also a number of theoretical methods (DFT, DFT+U, Hybrid functionals, Meta-GGA, Screened exchange, Hartree-Fock etc), that can provide similar information on specific crystal model phases. In fact, by using quantum mechanical numerical schemes, it is possible to achieve accurate predictions of crystals' properties including lattice parameters, melting temperature, thermodynamic stability, and mechanical and transport properties. It is therefore by merging together the experimental and theoretical outcomes that a great insight can be obtained about the mineral physics characteristics of the planet's interior. The possibility to rely on a specific mineral physics scenario allows us to study and address the sometimes puzzling seismic observations, understand the geomagnetic field evolution, and to provide important parameters to study the planet's evolution (i.e. geodynamical simulations).
As such, this special collection is aimed at the most relevant mineral physics scenario able to enhance research developments in the geophysical field, explain the existing seismic observations, and provide innovative and stimulation ideas. This collection will not only report on the progress in the field, but also serve as a knowledge resource to those who seek to use specific crystal model phases to enhance the understanding of the Earth’s interior and that of similar planets. We also hope that this collection will stimulate further development of new reference Earth models, whose performance can outperform that of past studies.
Scope of the special collection
This special collection welcomes original research articles, review articles and short communications. All submissions will be peer-reviewed to evaluate their technical soundness. Manuscripts should address specific topics related to Geo-Mineral Physics, including but not limited to the following topics:
- Experiential high pressure and temperature studies applied to materials of geophysical interests (e.g. Shock compression and Multi-anvil press).
- First-principle works addressing thermodynamic stability, phase transition and/or mechanical properties of the Earth and Planetary materials.
- Works aiming to bridge Mineral physics concepts together with Seismic observations of the Earth's deep interior.
- Earth's velocity models using a specific Mineral physics scenario
- Experimental and theoretical Elastic properties of geo-materials as to explain Seismic Anisotropy and Attenuation
- Application of novel numerical techniques with a significant Mineral Physics interest
- Properties of Materials as to provide insight on the Planetary geomagnetic field (Earth, Mars etc)
Submission of manuscripts
To submit your work, please visit the journals’ dedicated online submission systems:
Cogent Physics: https://www.cogentoa.com/journal/physics
Cogent Geoscience: https://www.cogentoa.com/journal/geoscience
The deadline for submissions for this special collection is 30th June 2017.
Authors should confirm that their work is intended for the special collection during the submission process.
We look forward to work with you to bring exciting new scholarly articles to the widest possible audience.
Maurizio Mattesini _ @tesosky
Complutense University of Madrid