In an open access article from Cogent Economics & Finance, researcher Inyong Shin from Asia University compares income distribution and the fertility rate. Change and Prediction of Income and Fertility Rates Across Countries takes a new approach to these two important factors in demographic change. Many previous studies examine demographic change over time. This study takes income distribution as a major factor.
It’s well known that the fertility rate changes as a country transitions from ‘developing’ to ‘developed’. Less well understood, until now, was the relationship between income distribution and the fertility rate. This new research examines income, fertility and distribution and concludes that fertility may change, even where the income distribution remains uneven.
Using statistical analysis to predict the joint distribution of income and fertility rate to 2030, the article will have important impacts on government policies on the gap between rich and poor and population growth.
‘The number of peaks of fertility rate distribution has not changed since the 1960s,’ said author Inyong Shin, ‘but the distribution will change to a uni-modal distribution in the future. The fertility gap among cross countries will disappear but the income gap won’t. Even though the population conditions in developing countries will improve, income inequality may not.’
Published by the open access journal Cogent Economics & Finance, the article is freely available for anyone to read via this link: http://cogentoa.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23322039.2015.1119367